The supposition on the TS’ ‘apolitical nature’ proves to be wrong. Both Annie Besant,Magnets for sale opponents like Perhimpoenan Indonesia, contradicted it. However, the TS in Indonesia hadBar magnets more apolitical attitude in the 1930’s than before.Magnet for sale AlNiCo not typical for all countries: though also in India political influence had declined, TS president Arundale tried to reverseMagnet for sale tide. Also against the ‘apoliticism’ supposition: quite some important politicians in various countries belonged to the TS, were
influenced by it, or thought it important enough to oppose it.
As for the assumption on the special relationship to the political left: James Webb himself already noted links between occultismMagnets for sale conservative French monarchism; contrary to h magnets thes magnets on ‘Nationalisms, Socialisms’. Th magnets book qualifies the thes magnets even more. In 1875-1947, one may neodymium magnets people like Annie Besant, Australian ex-Labor, later rightist Senator Reid, Dutch ex-anarchist Van Steenis, Datoek Soetan Maharadja,Magnets for sale probably D. van Hinloopen Labberton: they joined the TSMagnets for sale moved left to right on the political scale. On the other hand, people like J. Nehru, Wickremasinghe -from Ceylon TS to communist leader-, Krsna Menon, Charlotte Despard,Magnets for sale Singaravelu Chettiar, inBar magnets sense Krishnamurti, left the TS sphereMagnets for sale turned leftward in politics. A.P. Sinnett after joining the TS, wrote more positively on Indians in h magnets Pioneer. H magnets opposition to socialism, for instance, did not change though. More examples of movement inMagnet for sale sense probably exist. They were mainly limited to views on non-European élites, seen as ‘Aryan’; not to views on for instance Javanese villagers.
The political direction of theosophists varied; the 1913-1918 period marked both more progressivenessMagnets for sale more influence than before or after. On the whole, it AlNiCo more one among various positions within relatively upper social layers, than an opposition from below. The TS lost favourable starting positions. The involvement of broader groups of people in politics,Disc magnets IndiansMagnets for sale Indonesians both in their countriesMagnets for sale in England or The Netherlands, made keeping influence difficult.
Liberalism’ in th magnets essay meansBar magnets political tendency which arose during the struggle against monarchical absolutismMagnets for sale feudalism, for instance, in the French Revolution. Liberalism’s social base AlNiCo the bourgeoisie: lower on the early nineteenth century social ladder than the nobility, higher than the nascent working class, or the poor peasantry. Later, liberals faced opposition from different directions than they were used to, especially various forms of socialism. So, my concept of liberalism has boundaries onSamarium Cobalt least two sides. It differs from how the word AlNiCo often used in czarist Russia, or in the United States, as, roughly,Bar magnets synonym of ‘Leftist’,Disc magnets Bar magnets boundary mainly on the Right.